Hello everybody! In this video, I’m going to tell you about
FAT32, NTFS and exFAT file systems. How to convert a USB drive, a memory card
or an external hard disk from one file system into another and back, why you may need it,
and how you can do it without losing data. The disadvantages of FAT32
If you see an error “the file is too big” when copying a large file or a film, but the
flash drive is big enough to copy the file, it happens because your USB drive has the
FAT32 file system. Everyone knows that this system has one very
big drawback – it doesn’t support files larger than 4 Gb. What can you do to fix this problem? You just need to convert the device from FAT32
to NTFS. Which file system is used? First of all, you have to know for sure which
file system is in use. You can do it by going to This PC, right-clicking
on the drive and select Properties. After you’ve seen that your drive is running
FAT32 system, you can start converting it. How to convert
This operation doesn’t need any additional software – all tools are already in the operating
system. Right-click on the disk to be converted, select
Format, specify NTSF as the desired file system, and the cluster size if necessary. Cluster size
A cluster is a minimal size that can be allocated for a file on the disk. For example, smaller files will take up less
space on the disk with a smaller cluster size. The larger is the cluster size, the quicker
are input-output operations, that is, read and write speeds are higher. With this in mind, if the disk is used for
storing large files and videos, it makes sense to choose a larger cluster size, from 32 Kb
and more. If the disk will be used to transfer small
files or documents, you should go for smaller cluster sizes, from 4 Kb and less. If you are not sure which is better, just
stick to default options. How to convert Set the volume label if necessary, the formatting
method and click Start. After that, you will see a warning that all
data on this disk will be deleted, and confirm your choice by clicking OK. That’s all: now your drive has the NTFS
file system. But you must have noticed that in our case
all the data was erased. Converting disks without losing data
To keep data after converting, let’s use another method – with the Command Prompt. You can see there some files on the disk and
it’s important to preserve them during the conversion. To do it, go to the Command Prompt as an administrator,
enter the command “cmd” and then enter the following command
convert E: /FS:NTFS convert, space, drive letter, in my case,
it’s disk Е, column, space, slash, FS, column, NTFS and press Enter. Specify the volume label and press Enter again,
and the converting process starts. The conversion is over. Let’s open Properties, and you can see that
the drive has been converted into NTFS, and the data on the disk has been preserved. If you have important data on the disk, the
first thing you should do is to backup it to another disk to prevent data loss in case
of a failure or an error. After converting, such drive can become unavailable
for other devices. That’s why before converting it you should
decide for yourself why you need to change the file system, and if the device you’re
going to use the drive with can support the new file system. You can find this information in the manual
for your device. Problems when converting
Converting without losing data is impossible if the flash drive is full because this process
requires some free space. In this case, you’ll have to delete something. You cannot convert a drive back from NTFS
to FAT32 without losing data if you use Windows tools only. You’ll have to use some additional software,
and I recommend the free utility AOMEI NTFS to FAT32 Converter; you can find the download
link in the description. https://www.disk-partition.com/AOMEI-n2f.html
– AOMEI NTFS to FAT32 Converter. It’s got an English language interface,
easy to use and user-friendly. Run the program, select conversion type, click
“Next,” select the disk, click “Next,” then “Proceed” and “Yes” to confirm
the operation, and when it’s over, you’ll see the window saying “The operation has
been completed successfully!”, OK. As you can see, the disk has been converted
back into FAT32, and all the data was preserved. exFAT file system
As you noticed, when I showed you the first method of converting with Windows tools, there
was a third file system option – exFAT. It’s a new file system by Microsoft meant
primarily for flash drives. Basically, it’s the same FAT32 but without
some limitations, including the file size. However, it’s got some disadvantages too:
many home appliances and old phones will not recognize it, and the same happens to computers
running Windows XP unless they have an additional patch KB955704 installed, but later versions
beginning with Windows 7 will not have any problems. If your flash memory card has the exFAT file
system, and the device you want to use with it doesn’t support exFAT, and for some reason
you can’t convert the card with Windows built-in tools (such problem usually strikes
SD cards) Use the free utility AOMEI Partition Assistant;
you can find the download link in the description. https://www.disk-partition.com/download.html
– AOMEI Partition Assistant To convert the card, right-click on it, Format
partition, select the file system and click OK, then Apply and Proceed to start the process. When it’s over, you’ll see a window saying
“Congratulations! All operations have been completed successfully.” As you can see, the card now has the format
you need but the data is lost. Conclusions
Let’s summarize: if you have a small card or drive, format it into FAT32; exFAT is recommended
for larger flash drives, and experts say it’s not so hard on the media and extends its lifespan
in comparison with NTFS; meanwhile, large external hard disks should be formatted into
NTFS. That is all for now. Hit the Like button and subscribe to our channel. Leave comments to ask questions. Thank you for watching. Good luck.

Converting NTFS, FAT32 or exFAT USB Flash Drive, External Drive Without Losing Data ⚕️🖴📁

6 thoughts on “Converting NTFS, FAT32 or exFAT USB Flash Drive, External Drive Without Losing Data ⚕️🖴📁

  • May 31, 2018 at 9:14 am

    Whatch about FAT32, NTFS and exFAT file systems. How to convert a USB drive, a memory card or an external hard disk from one file system into another and back, why you may need it, and how you can do it without losing data. Did you like the video? Click Like button and subscribe to Hetman Software channel. We will be glad to answer any questions in comments.

  • October 15, 2018 at 1:07 am

    Can we do i vice versa Ntfs to Fat32??

  • October 15, 2018 at 1:10 am

    Can we do it vise versa Fat32 to NTFS without losing data, I have 1 tb hdd with 18 Gb memory room left ..

  • October 21, 2018 at 1:31 pm

    NTFS to exFAT doesnt work

  • January 11, 2019 at 6:22 pm

    Lousy explaination. Doesn't work.

  • May 26, 2019 at 2:09 pm

    64gb flash drive support


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